Rug Making Techniques

Besides having different types of textures, colors, patterns, and sizes, there are also different techniques in the making of rugs that determines their overall qualities and aesthetic. With the understanding of what these techniques are, and what each one needs for a rug, you can make wise decisions on what to purchase.

Here are the different types of rug-making techniques used today.

1.  Hand-tufting
 

This technique uses a tufting gun that quickens the process of making the rug. This makes creating hand-tufted rugs easier than other techniques done solely by hand or which use slower tools. Manufacturers can even produce the highest quality hand-tufted rugs fast when compared to the other hand-making practices.

2. Hand-hooking
 

Hand hooking involves pulling yarns from the back to the front of the rug with a rug hook tool. The rug’s base is a foundation cloth, and the loops resulting from the hooking remain untouched on the front surface. Since the pile is high, the rugs are lumpier than other varieties, endowing designs with a quirky, rounded style.

3. Hand-Weaving
 

Hand-weaving produces a rug without the need for a cloth from which to build off. For this technique, you need a loom machine. Building on a structure of two layers of vertical warp yarn, the rugmaker puts the horizontal weft between the top and bottom warp sheets. The loom has a moveable front section called a beater that the rug maker pulls toward the growing rug to press in each additional line of the weft. This way, there are no large empty spaces in the weave that could harm the rug’s integrity once completed.

4. Hand-Knotting
 

Originating in the ancient East, hand-knotting is a method applied in traditional Persian, Tibetan, and Indian rugs. Understandably, this complex has a slow process and is one of the most high-quality rug-making techniques. It can take anywhere from several months to over a year for the artisans to finish one rug. If a rug is large, multiple people must work on it to maintain this timetable. Even then, there can be variations in hand knotting that craftspeople use to fabricate different patterns and textures. Moreover, some hand-knotted rugs possess more knots per square inch than others, which boosts their quality even further.

5. Machine-Making
 

In modern times, machine-making permeates the industry and is perhaps the most accessible of the rug-making techniques. Able to loom, weave, hook, and tuft, machines can generate completed rugs in a fraction of the time of handmade counterparts. Automated loom machines can create a variety of intricate patterns with pinpoint accuracy through the application of computer-aided design technology. Machines minimize imperfections and possible defects in rugs as a result. 

Now that you know all these techniques, which one would you get?


Written by: Fergie Virgiyana
  • Posted at Thursday, 17 Feb 2022
  • Category PRODUCTS
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